A girl is smiling and writes something on the blackboard, next to it is the icon of SDG 4: quality education

    SDG 4 – Quality Education

    The basics of development

    “There is only one thing in the long run more expensive than education: no education.” This insight from John F. Kennedy has recently become a sad new reality. According to UN information, school lessons have been at least partially cancelled for around 90% of all children and young people due to the coronavirus pandemic. And that surely comes at a price. But even before the pandemic, progress towards quality education was slower than required. If no additional action is taken, the UN estimates that 84 million children and young people will still be out of school by 2030 and some 300 million students will lack the basic numeracy and literacy skills necessary for success in life. This is because education is an essential and critical element in the advancement of a country and the people who live there. In fact, there is no doubt that education establishes the very basis of development.

    Only people who can read and write, only those who know how computers work, who can tap into new knowledge and communicate, will be able to navigate the world of the 21st century. This applies to industrial countries where digitalisation has already become established in nearly all areas of life. But it also applies to developing countries. That is precisely where part of the development potential lies in the use of new technologies, for example in the energy sector or in efficiency gains like those being made in agriculture. Without training and education, without lifelong learning, it will be impossible to manage these types of advancements in efficiency and technology.

    But the advantages of education go far beyond economic benefits. For example, democracies need informed electorates of citizens who can independently find facts and build their own opinions. Only then can they fulfil their intended role and participate in political processes. And finally, people benefit from good training – indeed “Quality Education” as SDG 4 calls it – at a personal level. Because it opens doors to new opportunities: professionally and personally, alone and with others. The value of education can thus not be overstated. Conversely, when educational opportunities are forfeited, the material and non-material losses are significant.

    The promotion of quality education is a key area of German development cooperation. In 2023 alone, KfW has made a good EUR 447 million in new commitments, that contribute to the achievement of SDG 4. They thus highlight KfW's view that education is invaluable in every situation and should not be neglected, especially when circumstances become difficult. The fact that there was no alternative in pandemic times should be viewed as an exception and only confirms the rule. In the future, the global community must continue to work resolutely to ensure that Corona does not create a "lost generation" and that educational opportunities are equally available to all.

    Education inspires

    In Kenya, talented children, especially girls, are often deprived of higher education. The scholarship programme "Wings-to-fly" enables disadvantaged young people to complete secondary school as a foundation stone for a more demanding secondary vocational education and thus for a secure and adequately paid job. In this interview, Dr James Mwangi, initiator of the programme, talks about how "Wings-to-fly" came into being and how it gives many young people wings today.

    Modern training in Tunisia

    The apprentices learn on state-of-the-art machines in the training centre that Bosch Rexroth and the Tunisian Vocational Training Agency have set up in Sfax. Co-financed by KfW as part of the "Skills Initiative For Africa" (SIFA), the skilled workers of tomorrow are thus ideally prepared for everyday working life.

    KfW's contribution to SDG4

    Vocational Training

    Demand-oriented training in the Western Balkans

    Adult Education

    Independence and self-esteem for women in Yemen

    Development Research

    Materials on vocational training