Unique natural and cultural heritage in a stable country
Tanzania is renowned as much for its unique natural and cultural heritage between the Serengeti, Kilimanjaro and Zanzibar as for its political stability. Its economy has been growing strongly for years. Nonetheless, the country still ranks among the poorest in the world. On behalf of the German federal government, KfW Development Bank supports improvements to the water supply and sanitation for the population, the introduction of modern healthcare services and the preservation of Tanzania’s unique biodiversity. Moreover, KfW supports the East African country in establishing a sustainable energy supply.
There is plenty of water in Tanzania – not least thanks to the huge expanses of water in Lake Victoria and Lake Tanganyika. Yet the need for safe drinking water is competing with hydropower generation, industries and agriculture. Due to climate change, already today rainy and dry seasons are less predictable and more intensive in Tanzania. More and more people are moving to the cities. All these developments pose new challenges to the government. In the economic capital of Dar es Salaam for example, one of the ten fastest growing cities in the world, supply and sanitation infrastructure has long since been inadequate. Half of the rural population and almost two-fifth of all cities have to deal with the lack of hygienically safe water. Of those who have water, only one in ten is connected to a sewerage system. The widespread use of pit latrines, especially in the cities, threatens to contaminate the ground water.
On behalf of the German federal government, KfW Development Bank is funding clean and safe drinking water supply and improved sanitation services for more than 800.000 people in the five towns of Lindi, Mtwara, Kigoma, Sumbawanga and Babati. Also, KfW and the government have developed an innovative facility, where municipal water suppliers get the new chance to lend money from local banks and realize small strategic investments. The water utility of Mtwara for example connected new districts and replaced damaged pipelines through the facility. With this, it increased its revenues and clients, some of who formerly had to walk several kilometers to the next tap, are now more satisfied with the public services. With all these projects, KfW is pursuing the objective of bringing about a swift improvement in living conditions in areas with unsatisfied demand. Capacity development is also being supported aiming at sustained operation and maintenance of facilities.
In spite of initial successes in combating mother-child mortality, each year roughly 13,000 women and 45,000 new-born children die in Tanzania during pregnancy or birth or as a result of related causes. This is because hospitals are overloaded and their qualified health personnel as well as their equipment and medical supplies are often not sufficient, particularly in the fields of emergency obstetrics and high-risk pregnancies. The care given to mothers and new-born babies before and after the birth is inadequate. At any rate, roughly 60 % of all women give birth in hospital. In spite of free services to pregnant mothers and children up to 5, patients have to contribute with out-of-pocket payments, often not affordable to the poor.
Therefore, KfW on behalf of the German federal government is supporting the national health insurer NHIF, which set up a free insurance window for expectant mothers and their newborn. Health facilities are paid directly for their services, which enables them to equip themselves with the necessary medication and material and to improve their services. This should help to lower the mother-child mortality rate as well as reduce the incidences of disease and disability with the mothers and children.
Also, KfW Development Bank is supporting the construction of a mother and child clinic in Dar es Salaam, managed by the NGO “Comprehensive Community Based Rehabilitation in Tanzania”, which will focus on the treatment of high-risk pregnancies, neonatology and midwife training for the state-run health facilities in the Dar es Salaam district. KfW also promotes campaigns for contraception and HIV prevention together with Population Services International.
The reliable electricity supply is a key factor for the sustainable development of Tanzania. Without sufficient and stable power, even the smallest companies struggle. Yet, only one of four Tanzanians currently has access to electricity, and the supply situation is significantly worse in the vast rural areas of the country. This is due to insufficient generation capacities, even though Tanzania enjoys good conditions particularly for solar, wind, hydro and geothermal power generation. Furthermore, an outdated and inadequate transmission and distribution infrastructure underscores the great investment need in the construction of efficient power lines.
On behalf of the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) KfW Development Bank supports the construction of a 140-kilometre transmission line which will connect the region south-west of Lake Victoria to the national grid and enable power trade with Tanzania’s neighboring countries in the Great Lakes region (Rwanda, Burundi, Uganda). Through the construction of medium- and low-voltage lines for the benefit of connecting rural households, social institutions and small enterprises located in the vicinity of the transmission line with funds from the EU-Africa Infrastructure Trust Fund, KfW contributes to poverty reduction and the promotion of local economic growth.
Tanzania's ecosystems and wildlife are globally significant. More than a quarter of the country's land mass is protected. This means the Tanzanian protected area system is one of the largest and most impressive in the entire world. Tourists visiting Tanzania's natural wonders boost the Tanzanian tourism industry, which contributes one sixth of gross national product and creates a great number of jobs throughout the country.
However, the long-term future of the protected areas is at risk. Poachers as well as lumberjacks are penetrating ever deeper into the protected areas. Mining and infrastructure projects are often given priority over sustainable management of natural resources, partly because the local population does not benefit much from the proceeds of tourism. The protected area administrations are too weak to counter these threats effectively. This is why Germany in cooperation with international nature conservation organizations is supporting its Tanzanian partners in preserving biodiversity.
In this context, KfW Development Bank focuses on the two UNESCO World Heritage sites, the Serengeti National Park and the Selous Game Reserve. KfW helps the protected area management to become better equipped in order to meet their challenges by supporting the introduction of new management methods and financing new infrastructure and equipment. In the protected area buffer zones, KfW is promoting sustainable natural resource management and rural infrastructure development.