With money from the German federal budget and our own funds, we finance investments and reform programmes in a range of sectors including health, education, water supply, energy, rural development and financial system development. The type of projects and programmes that we support varies significantly, depending on local needs and the general conditions in place. While in Zambia, for example, we finance water kiosks that supply the population in poor areas with clean drinking water, in Brazil we promote investments in the development of renewable energies. And in Liberia, we support a reintegration programme for ex-combatants.
Through the new programmes and projects agreed in 2017 in the amount of EUR 1 billion in the field of water, waste water and solid waste disposal, we are able to reach 28.6 million people. The energy projects committed to last year on behalf of the German Federal Government help give around 2.5 million people their first access or improve their access to a modern supply of energy. New commitments totalling approximately EUR 942 million allow banks, funds and microfinance institutions to issue around 1.1 million loans with a total volume of EUR 3.8 billion, mainly to small enterprises. 222.5 million people benefit from the new commitments entered into in 2017 in the fields of reproductive health, combating infectious diseases, healthcare infrastructure and health services. More than half of the commitments are aimed at directly improving the health of mothers and children. The commitments totalling EUR 665 million will reach around 3.4 million people. 58 % these funds will allow for an improved access of school-age children to education facilities. 42 % of the funds are being assigned to vocational training activities designed to improve the income opportunities of around 1 million people.