Digital technologies are gaining ground – also in terms of administrative structures. According to a UN study, e-governance is gaining in importance worldwide. Authorities and citizens have more and more opportunities to flexibly interact with one another, thereby strengthening democratic principles. However, digital technologies also run the risk of exacerbating social disparities. The current issue of Development in Brief addresses these benefits and challenges of e-governance.
The latest World Development Report ("Governance and the Law") deals with the role of governance and law in the development process. The focus here is not so much on what good governance actually looks like, but under what conditions can policies deemed "good and right" actually be implemented in practice. What are the roles played by power asymmetries, particular interests and clientelism, and how can factors inhibiting development be overcome in this "rules game"?
This latest edition of Development in Brief summarises the main statements of the World Development Report.
Good Governance is a necessary condition for peaceful and sustainable development. With its projects and programmes to promote decentralisation, urban development and administration, public policy and administration as well as peace development and crisis prevention, KfW Development Bank makes a key contribution in different ways to promoting Good Governance, thus helping to shape more just, peaceful and inclusive development processes.
UNHCR estimates that in recent times around 65 million people worldwide have had to flee their homes, which is the highest number since the Second World War.The structural factors are poverty and lack of prospects, corruption, insufficient rights and freedom, absence of the rule of law, and the oppression of minorities.Structural factors are long-term and are, on the whole, not the sole cause of refugee movements.
It is apparent that almost all decisive structural factors and drivers for flight are inextricably bound up with "governance deficits".
The vote by the British people on 23 June to exit the EU has caused astonishment and uncertainty not only in Europe but all over the world. Many developing countries are also wondering what effects the vote and the Brexit announcement will have for them.
This issue of Development in Brief describes the expected effects on the real value of British ODA, the amount and substantive direction of future European development cooperation, and the potential economic effects on developing countries through trade and financial markets.
The latest World Development Report issued by the World Bank highlights the potential of the internet to promote development. But most of the world’s poor have no access to the internet, or are unable to pay internet operators’ usage fees and therefore have to stay offline. Some service providers, however, have started offering basic access to poorer people free of charge (“zero-rating”).
The current edition of Development policy in Brief presents the concept of zero-rating and discusses the potential benefits and risks of zero rating that may be associated with the spread of zero-rating in the context of development cooperation.
Public institutions continuously collect data on various topics to which they increasingly grant free public access. The growth in "open data" is creating opportunities for public administration and for the private sector not only in industrialised economies, but in developing countries, too.
This edition of Development in Brief reveals how citizens may benefit from open data and discusses its requirements and its limits for development cooperation.
Is the world becoming more democratic? Democracy seemed to be gaining ground across the globe for a long time. However, a number of political science analyses and indicators have recently pointed out an opposite trend: the implementation of civil and political rights is increasingly under pressure in many countries.
In light of this, this edition of Development in Brief looks at the trends, the various causes of this development and the factors which could be crucial for a turnaround.