The effect of disappearing natural environments on climate change and human health.
In view of the enormous risks that arise from a dramatic loss of biodiversity, KfW is committed to the protection of nature and biodiversity. It implements its programmes and projects on behalf of the German Federal Government.
Several dozen species perish every day. This is why scientists are already talking about mass extinction, as important ecosystems are being lost around the world, and with them, important services that nature provides to humans. If we imagine the entire history of Earth as one 24-hour day, humanity has only been living on this planet for two minutes. In this short time, however, it has already overexploited three quarters of the globe. In order to preserve the basis for humanity’s existence, we need to protect the remaining havens for nature.
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At the end of April, Joe Biden sent important signals in the fight against climate change at the "Leaders’ Summit on Climate". On this day, the World Earth Day, many participating countries committed themselves to important goals that could at least be a "virtual turning point" for the climate. But to really tackle climate change, the biodiversity crisis also has to be taken seriously and investments in intact ecosystems are needed.
The current issue of "Development in Brief" highlights the fundamental role of biodiversity in the fight against climate change – showing at the same time how strongly biodiversity itself is affected by climate change.
Human, animal and environmental health form a single unit - with a very significant impact on the perspectives of sustainable development. The COVID 19 pandemic is not the first time that the close link between human, animal and environmental health is demonstrated. As a result, the concept of "One Health" has also gained importance on the political agenda. To implement it, KfW Development Bank is pursuing a series of approaches which are presented and evaluated in a new interdisciplinary specialist publication. The commitment in agriculture, for example, the preservation of biodiversity, water and natural resources and health protection already contributes to the goals of One Health. In future, it will be increasingly important to take interactions between sectors and structural interrelationships into account.