SDG 6 – Clean Water and Sanitation
Protecting water reserves
To draw water from distant wells or polluted streams and to relieve oneself outdoors is still the norm for many people. Around 2.1 billion people worldwide are still excluded from access to clean drinking water.
There has already been significant progress towards this UN development goal: between 2000 and 2017, the proportion of the world's population with access to a safe drinking water supply rose from 81% to 89%, according to the UN. In SDG 6, the UN has set itself the task of "ensuring the availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all". Adequate sanitation is still in deficit: access to safe sanitation rose from 59 to 68% in the period mentioned above (2000 - 2015), and basic sanitation is available to another 30% of the world's population. Still 892 million people (2015) do not even have access to basic sanitation. This not only increases the risk of infectious diseases, but also leads to pollution of water resources.
KfW has been working for many years to supply people in developing countries and emerging economies with safe drinking water and to provide them with good, safe sanitation. These include the financing of drinking water treatment and distribution, programs to reduce water losses, safe sanitation and wastewater treatment measures or the financing of sector reform programs.
KfW Development Bank committed around EUR 1.1 billion in 2019 for projects that contribute to achieving SDG 6. This enabled it to help 14.3 million people to gain new or better access to drinking water. With the help of the commitments made in 2019, a good 6.1 million people will be provided with access and capacities for improved sanitation and wastewater disposal.
In 2019, KfW Development Bank also contributed to measures to better protect more than 600,000 people from the consequences of heavy rainfall and flooding.