Fragile states - thinking ahead
News from 2019-01-17 / KfW Development Bank
KfW's evening event on 15 January entitled “Fragile States Thinking Ahead - Learning from Stabilisation Measures for the Future” brought 230 high-ranking policymakers, academics, civil society actors and practitioners together for dialogue with participants of the previous conference on "Stabilization in Fragile Contexts: Challenges, Lessons and Opportunities".
In his opening speech, Prof. Joachim Nagel assured the audience that KfW would continue to be involved in fragile contexts, “because people in these countries need to feel that something is changing for the better”. Confidence in the governments of our partner countries can, however, only be restored after conflicts if local success stories are made visible. To achieve this aim, KfW will work closely with the German Federal Government, partner countries and civil society actors like the Aga Khan Development Network and UN organisations.
Niels Annen, Minister of State at the German Federal Foreign Office, praised the outstanding cooperation with KfW and the Aga Khan Development Network (AKDN) in Northern Afghanistan. It is important, particularly in spite of the difficult situation in Afghanistan, to highlight the success of the infrastructure projects implemented since 2010 for a total of EUR 105 million under the “Stabilization Programme for North Afghanistan” (SPNA). “Stabilisation will continue to be a central pillar of Germany's foreign policy commitment – and Germany will also work towards this goal over the next two years as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council”.
The guest of honour of the evening, His Highness the Aga Khan, thanked KfW and the German Federal Foreign Office for their commitment to date and emphasised: “Even if the conditions are unfavourable, the local population must always be the focus of attention”. AKDN therefore supports local participation and social pluralism and works to strengthen civil society organisations in Pakistan, Afghanistan, Syria and Mali.
The lessons learned from previous stabilisation efforts and Germany's role were central topics of the subsequent panel discussion. Lise Grande impressed the audience with her authentic description of her personal experiences as UN coordinator for humanitarian aid in Yemen and Iraq. She pointed out that the majority of stabilisation missions failed despite the best efforts of the international community. Still, we must try and help people as quickly as possible and give them hope - “Yemen is currently experiencing the greatest humanitarian catastrophe of our time”. Hermann Gröhe, member of the CDU/CSU in the German Bundestag, argued that the best approach is crisis prevention. In light of the “shrinking spaces” for civil society, funds would have to increase significantly, particularly because national conflicts have international repercussions in an interconnected world. “We must be willing to commit ourselves to stabilisation processes lasting up to a quarter of a century,” said Jürgen Trittin, member of Bündnis 90/die Grünen in the German Bundestag. He argued in favour of increasing resources also through tools such as budget financing in order to encourage local ownership. Gabi Weber, member of the SPD in the German Bundestag, confirmed that Germany was on the right track with its integrated approach. The learning processes that have taken place in Afghanistan and Iraq must, however, be continued. Lise Grande concluded: “Germany has a leading role to play in shaping stabilisation measures and must make use of this role in the UN Security Council!”