Central African Republic
Political instability and repercussions of longstanding conflicts hinder development
The Central African Republic (CAR) is a fragile post-conflict state whose history is characterized by coups; after the latest regime overthrow in 2013, an elected president has taken up office in February, 2016. Despite its resource wealth CAR is among the ten poorest countries in the world. After the massive decline in economic growth resulting from the armed conflict in 2013 the economy is slowly regaining its pace. 60 % of the population of about 5 million lives in rural areas, making agriculture the most important sector of the economy. The resilience of the population has declined as a consequence of the political and economic crises of the past years and the threat of armed groups and militia. Statehood and social cohesion are relatively weak.