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Successful reconstruction after years of civil war

Civil war broke out in 1975 after Mozambique gained independence. The conflict wreaked havoc in the country, costing the lives of one million people. Roughly one third of the 22 million inhabitants fled the country. When the civil warring factions signed a peace agreement in 1992, the country had been all but destroyed and was one of the poorest in the world. Since then, Mozambique has been working on its reconstruction – with some visible success. The proportion of those living in poverty has been reduced from 70 % in 1997 to approximately 50 %. Massive gas reserves were discovered in the north of the country in 2012, but huge problems remain: Highly indebted, Mozambique is one of the ten poorest countries in the world and languishes in 180th place in the Human Development Index (out of 189 nations). Recently, economic growth has plummeted to below 3 % p.a. due to natural disasters and the coronavirus pandemic.

Local office

KfW Office Maputo

Director KfW Office: Julia Crause
Avenida Francisco Orlando
Magumbwe No. 976
CP 2766 Maputo

Phone: +258 21 48 87 08
Fax: +258 21 48 87 09

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