Successful reconstruction after years of civil war
Civil war broke out in 1975 after Mozambique gained its independence. The conflict devastated the country, costing the lives of one million people. Roughly one third of the 22 million inhabitants fled the country. When the civil warring factions signed a peace agreement in 1992, the state had been bled dry and was one of the poorest in the world. Since then, Mozambique has been working hard on its reconstruction – with visible success. The economy is growing by 7 to 8 % every year, and the proportion of those living in poverty has been reduced from 70 % in 1997 to approximately 55 %. Massive gas reserves were discovered in the north of the country in 2012, but huge problems remain: The highly indebted Mozambique is one of the ten poorest countries in the world and languishes in 185th place on the Human Development Index (out of 187 nations).