A country with great potential and great challenges
Cameroon is a nation of contrasts. In the south, farmers cultivate fertile soils, while the north is dry and barren. Income from the oil industry constitutes around a third of state revenue. And yet there is still a high level of poverty, with nearly every third Cameroonian living on USD 1.25/day or less. In the United Nations’ Human Development Index (2015), Cameroon only ranked 153 out of 188 countries. Investment and a diversification of the economy are needed to reduce poverty. On the whole, corruption is a major problem and reforms are necessary in other areas too. The situation is stable on the domestic political front, but in the north, as well as in the border regions, the security situation has worsened due to conflicts in the neighbouring states (particularly Nigeria, Central African Republic and Chad).