The reconstruction as a major challenge
Following a 50-day war, Hamas, Israel and Egypt agreed to an indefinite ceasefire at the end of August 2014. The treaty also lifts the blockade of the Gaza Strip, allowing humanitarian aid and construction materials to be supplied to the territory. But the Palestinian leadership is being put to the test. Palestinian president, Mahmoud Abbas, has threatened to break off ties with Hamas. Hamas, which works behind the scenes with security forces and weapons, is making it impossible for the Palestinian unity government to act in the Gaza Strip.
The population in Gaza is faced with completely different problems: for weeks, many families have been living with the barest minimum in UN schools or other shelters. More than 2,000 people have died during the seven weeks. Around 18,000 houses have been destroyed or heavily damaged, making them uninhabitable. It will take an enormous effort to rebuild Gaza. An expert commission of the Palestinian Authority estimates the costs to be EUR 7.8 billion. In the short-term, the German Federal Government is making EUR 24 million available via KfW to reconstruct Gaza.