A small country with the largest biodiversity in the world
Relative to the size of the nation, Ecuador has the world's largest biodiversity. It is not only the Galapagos Islands but also the tropical Amazon rainforests and the mountainous forests of the Andes that are inhabited by a vast range of animals and plant species which cannot be found anywhere else. Yet this biodiversity and nature are at risk, not least because of the country's most important economic factor, oil production. Economic development in the country with its almost 16 million inhabitants is dynamic. While social inequality is still high – roughly one third of the population lives under the poverty line – it is gradually falling. KfW Development Bank is supporting Ecuador in harmonising economic development with the protection of natural resources.